PowerWriting: Stage 3

PowerWriting Statge 3 feature image the learning cafe

PowerWriting Stage 3

Stage 3 in the PowerWriting process adds depth of ideas to the PowerGraphs. Power 3’s are synonymous to to elaboration. Learning how to write effective paragraph is rooted in clarity and structure. In this lesson you’ll learn how to add to the depth of ideas while remaining focused on, well, the focus provided in the Power 1.

PowerFrame Structure So Far

Power 1 is the topic + the focus. This is the topic sentence. At this point it’s a very simplistic topic sentence.

Power 2’s provide more information about the Power 1.

In Stage 3 of the PowerWriting process we are expanding the PowerFrame to include a Power 3. Power 3’s provide more detail about the Power 2 that precedes it and address the focus from the P1.

Stage 3 PowerFrame

The PowerFrame will now be expanded to include elaboration. This occurs with the inclusion of Power 3’s.

Look at the PowerFrame below. This is an example of a P1, P2, P3, P2, P3. This will result in a five sentence paragraph, or PowerGraph.


Stage 3 PowerFrame

P1 – Sports + I watch

           P2 – Soccer

                      P3 – every Saturday with Dad

            P2 – Baseball

                       P3 – with friends at the ballpark



           I enjoy watching two sports. The first one I watch is soccer. Dad and I have bonded over soccer games every Saturday for the past three years. The other sport I like to watch is baseball. I usually go to the ball park by bus with my friends to watch our favorite team play against their rivals.



Structural Essentials of PowerWriting

  • Power 1 includes a topic and a focus, as shown in Stage 2.
  • Color coding includes a third color for the Power 3’s.
  • P2’s are indented further than the P1.
  • P3’s are indented further than the Power 2’s
  • Power 3’s provide elaboration about the focus, ‘watching’.

Important Observations…

Information provided in each power are isolated to their own sentence in the PowerGraph. That’s why a P1, P2, P3, P2, P3 results in a five sentence paragraph, or PowerGraph.

There is no confusion. There is clarity of focus. There is a clear structure. This is the purpose of structuring ideas in a PowerFrame BEFORE writing a PowerGraph.

Clarity of thoughts creates clarity in writing, the ultimate goal of PowerWriting.


Your Turn

You will generate a PowerGraph from the provided PowerFrame Below. This means you are writing a paragraph using the the PowerFrame as a guide. An example of a possible PowerGraph is provided below.

So, take out a paper and pencil and put your thinking cap on!

Look at the PowerGraph below. Notice it’s structure of ideas and content. Consider how you will add specific information to maintain the a clarity with regards to the topic and focus.

Before your begin, remember …

  • Include the required “two” in the topic sentence.
  • Use transitions in each Power 2.
  • Write a sentence for each Power.
  • Keep information from each Power in their own dedicated sentences.
  • Connect the details provided in Power 3’s to provide more details supporting the focus from Power 1.



P1: Owning a dog (topic) + benefits a child (focus)

           P2:  develops responsibility (benefit #1)

                      P3: feeding & walking

            P2:  experience compassion (benefit #2)

                      P3: attending to dog’s needs



          When a child owns a dog it results in two benefits. The first benefit developing responsibility. Feeding and walking a dog forces a child to take care of something more than themselves, resulting in positive life experience because a dog cannot walk himself even though he needs these thingsThe second benefit is that the child will experience compassion. When a dog needs attention or affection, it’s up to the child to give recognize that and give the dog what he desires: emotional recognition.

Move on to PowerWriting Stage 4