Repetition in Literature: 3 Important Rhetorical Devices

 

These three important rhetorical devices help deepen the annotation process. All three presented are forms of repetition. When you annotate you want to build a relationship with the text and read for understanding, to make connections, and to reveal independent thinking and communicate your observations about text.

A question I often get from students is,

“How do I know what to annotate in a passage?”

This is a great questions.

The answer goes back to your knowledge of literary devices.  The quality of your annotations for the sake of literary analysis is only as strong as your understanding of literary devices and rhetorical devices before you read.

This post is meant to strengthen you annotations skills by equipping you with three more rhetorical devices you will look for in future texts.  The best way to develop the skill of annotation and ultimately literary analysis is practice.

Annotate every piece of text you can!

3 Rhetorical Devices for Identifying Repetition.

  • Anaphota
  • Epistrophe
  • Tricolon

While the first two, anaphora and epistrophe address the repetition of words or phrases, tricolon presents a repetition of structure.

Investigate each of theses repetitive patterns below.

Anaphora

Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of the sentence.

 

  • Every day, every night, in every way, I am getting better and better.”
  • My life is my purpose. My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration.”
  • “Buying diapers for the baby, feeding the baby, playing with the baby: This is what your life is when you have a baby.”
  • “I want my money right now, right here, all right?”
  • “The wrong person was selected for the wrong job, at the wrong time, for the wrong purpose.”
  • “Their property was sold, their homestead was sold, and their everything was sold for want.”
  • Who is to blame, who is to look to, who is to turn to, in a tough situation like this.”
  • “In adversity, his close friends left him, his close colleagues left him, and his best close relatives left him.”
  • Everything looked dark and bleak, everything looked gloomy, and everything was under a blanket of mist.”
  • All the people were moving in the same direction; all the people were thinking about the same thing; and all the people were discussing the same topic.”
  • “After a long term of studies, the students wanted to go home, they wanted to play, and they wanted to meet their parents and friends.”
  • The players were much exited for the tour; the players wished to do a lot of shopping; the players planned to go sightseeing.”
  • The young writer was given the award for his best seller. The young writer was exited to get the reward, and he decided to celebrate the occasion in a fitting manner.”

 

 

 

 

 

Enhanced Annotation with the Aristotelian Triangle

Ethos pathos Logos

 

The Rhetorical Transaction :

According to Aristotle, the rhetorical transaction consists of three basic components:

Ethos (Author/Point of View)

representing the author’s ability to reveal his or her credibility in the text, demonstrates ethics

  • Note how the author establishes a persona
  • Note how the author establishes credibility

· Note any revelation of the author’s credentials or personal history

Pathos (Intended Audience)

representing the author’s ability to appeal to the audience through the text through the use of emotions and other methods

  • Note the primary audience for the text
  • Note the emotional appeals the author makes
  • Note the author’s expectations of the audience

 

Logos (Text/Language)

representing the author’s ability to reveal logic and reason in the text;

  • Note the claims the author makes, the exigency.

· Note the data the author provides in support of the claims.

  • Note the conclusions the author draws.

When reading nonfiction, note the language the author uses to establish logos, ethos, and pathos.Annotating everything you read for the Rhetorical Appeals, also called modes of persuasion, will reveal information about the author, the author’s purpose, and the author’s methods of persuasion and argumentation.

 

Your goal: apply these new annotation tools to a primary document…

 

 

 

Martin Luther King, I have a Dream Analysis

 

 

More Possibilities for Analysis: Ethos, Pathos, Logos

How to Structure an Essay

How to structure Essay

So you’re wondering how to structure and essay…

If you’ve mastered the basic paragraph structure, you can easily transfer this knowledge of macro-structures to a lengthier composition.

In the video below you’ll learn how to structure an your essay, including the best way to generate an introduction and conclusion to strengthen focus in your writing.

 

Here’ How You Will Use the Video Below

 

Watch the video below the first time WITHOUT taking notes. Just watch to get a wide perspective of what’s being addressed.

THEN… watch it a second time, taking notes. The second time…

  • record notes as you watch
  • start and stop the video as needed
  • consider creating graphics or visuals with your notes
  • record any connections you make between the structure of a paragraph and the structure of an essay

How to Structure an Essay: Introduction, Body Paragraphs, Conclusion

 

Daily Class Work: 11/29

daily class work

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising. Each chapter has a dedicated video. CLICK HERE to access the Esperanza Rising Audio Literature page.

Esperanza Rising: worked on booklet and completed chapter 6 using audio of literature.

 CLICK HERE to access Esperanza Rising Audio Literature

Esperanza Rising Novels the learning cafe

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

Verbs Unit started today. Notes were taken your English spiral. If you were absent, Ask 3, Then Ask Me. After you record the notes we can discuss the application and purpose of this unit.

Classwork: you completed pages 13 & 14 in the verbs packet. This will be collected and evaluated tomorrow.

Vocabulary

You were reminded that this is DAY 1 of Unit 6 Vocabulary and Spelling. You recorded the test date of December 13th in your planner and recorded reminders of daily studying in your assignment notebooks.

Be sure to be preparing by review the words for Units 4 and 5 as needed.

Study Strategies…

  • 5 Minute Study Strategy
  • Quadrant Chart
  • Know/No
  • 5 Times Each

The above work was for classes 2/3 and 4/5

8/9 Here’s what you all did today…

Library Visit

Ms. Noonan wrapped up her Ebook Unit with you. You were down there for 8th period.

Reading

The same as above work for other classes

English

We will take the English notes tomorrow in Advisory tomorrow.

Homework – all classes

Read from your novel or take the AR test while in school. AR test is due THURSDAY.

Review study strategies and think about how you can use them in our class as well as other classes

ACCESS previous CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/28

daily class work 3

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising. Each chapter has a dedicated video. CLICK HERE to access the Esperanza Rising Audio Literature page.

Esperanza Rising: worked on booklet and completed chapter 5 using audio of literature.

 CLICK HERE to access Esperanza Rising Audio Literature

Esperanza Rising Novels the learning cafe

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

Time for this was allotted to the Think and Search strategy for words in Unit 5 vocabulary and spelling.

Vocabulary

You were reminded that this is DAY 1 of Unit 6 Vocabulary and Spelling. You recorded the test date of December 13th in your planner and recorded reminders of daily studying in your assignment notebooks.

Be sure to be preparing by review the words for Units 4 and 5 as needed.

Study Strategies…

  • 5 Minute Study Strategy
  • Quadrant Chart
  • Know/No
  • 5 Times Each

 

Homework:

Read from your novel or take the AR test while in school. AR test is due THURSDAY.

Review study strategies and think about how you can use them in our class as well as other classes

ACCESS previous CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/27

Daily Class work the learning cafe

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising. Each chapter has a dedicated video. CLICK HERE to access the Esperanza Rising Audio Literature page.

Esperanza Rising: worked on booklet and completed chapter 4 using audio of literature.

 CLICK HERE to access Esperanza Rising Audio Literature

Esperanza Rising Novels the learning cafe

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

Unit 6 Spelling Test: Assessments were graded and entered before the end of the day.

Vocabulary

Unit 5 Vocabulary Test: Assessments were grade while you were in class. Students who qualified for the retake will take a secondary assessment on Friday during ABS.

Study Strategies…

  • 5 Minute Study Strategy
  • Quadrant Chart
  • Know/No
  • 5 Times Each

 

Homework:

Read from your novel.

Review study strategies and think about how you can use them in our class as well as other classes

ACCESS previous CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/16

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising. Each chapter has a dedicated video. CLICK HERE to access the Esperanza Rising Audio Literature page.

2/3 & 4/5 – I made a mistake in yesterday’s post… you did not finish chapter 3, you got to page 51. Today we continued from page 51 and completed Chapter 3 today.. You finished reading chapter 3. Tomorrow you’ll be moving on to chapter 4.  Time will be given in class tomorrow to complete the accompanying work in your Esperanza Booklet. The notes on the front cover are meant to be a guide as you read. We’ll be adding more reference notations to the front cover as we move through the story.

HOMEWORK FOR 2/3/ & 4/5 – Complete your Esperanza Booklet through page 15. You may not have the text…  but,  you do have the audio available to you.

8/9 –

 

 

 CLICK HERE to access Esperanza Rising Audio Literature

Esperanza Rising Novels the learning cafe

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

No time for English…

55 Minutes was given to establishing a better understanding of study strategies in Vocabulary.

Vocabulary

Today is day 5 of Unit 5. If you are studying 3 words a night – easy peasy – you should have approximately 10/20of the words memorized, both spelling and definition.

Study Strategies…

  • 5 Minute Study Strategy
  • Quadrant Chart
  • Know/No
  • 5 Times Each

 

Today you learned the Know/No Strategy to add to your study tool resources. You also used this process in conjunction with a Quadrant Chart and 5 Times each. Mr. Cronin and I modeled the and guided you through the entire process of generating your own individualized study plans using these methods together.

After all the time spent on study skills throughout the entire first quarter, you now have tools to strengthen you independent learning skills.

The test is scheduled for November 26… even though we have Thanksgiving break between now and the test date, you will be expected to use independent study skills on your own during Thanksgiving break.

Homework:

Read from your novel.

Study Vocabulary using the study strategies you have practice in class.

ACCESS YESTERDAY’S CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/15

daily class work

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising. Each chapter has a dedicated video. CLICK HERE to access the Esperanza Rising Audio Literature page.

2/3 & 4/5 – You finished reading chapter 3. Tomorrow you’ll be moving on to chapter 4.  Time will be given in class tomorrow to complete the accompanying work in your Esperanza Booklet. The notes on the front cover are meant to be a guide as you read. We’ll be adding more reference notations to the front cover as we move through the story.

8/9 – You completed guided reading through page 29. That’s about 12:45 on the audio. CLICK HERE to access Esperanza Rising Audio Literature

Esperanza Rising Novels the learning cafe

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

You revisited subordinate clauses. High five you to all you’ve learned in the past couple of weeks. As we move forward, the skills you’re learning will support your progress of sentence variety.

Tomorrow you’ll do an understanding check – aka a formative assessment that will be taken for a summative assessment if you demonstrate proficiency or mastery of the identification and application of subordinate clauses as Writing Tools.

Vocabulary

We discussed words 11-20 from Unit 5. You circled some word endings to help identify parts of speech. We’ll be continuing investigating the relationship between word endings and parts of speech throughout the next few units to help develop a better understanding of word usage.

Tomorrow you will learn the Know/No Strategy to add to your study tool resources.

The test is scheduled for November 26… even though we have Thanksgiving break between now and the test date, you will be expected to use independent study skills on your own whether we are in class or on Thanksgiving break.

Homework:

Read from your novel.

Study Vocabulary every night. Work on developing experiences with these words, creating connections between them, using quadrant charts to develop your observation of word endings and parts of speech. Remember, visual stories – repeated allowed many times and/or written and spoken repeatedly will help you retain more information. oOu can always use the 5 Minute Study Strategy.

ACCESS YESTERDAY’S CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/14

daily class work

 

 

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You continued reading Esperanza Rising.

2/3 & 4/5 – Guided reading of text though page 38. You are ready to begin the next chapter tomorrow. Before we move on, the pages in your booklet must be completed.

8/9 – Guided reading of Chapter 1 Completed. You also answered questions with page references for chapter 1. Once you completed the booklet pages for Chapter 1, you were to have read Chapter 2 silently.

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

2/3 & 4/5 – You revisited subordinate clauses, verb identification – both linking and helping verbs – and  on and practiced creating your own sentences including subordinate clauses as Writing Tools.

8/9 – You generated graphic representations of your notes on subordinate clauses and compound sentences. You were given 1 class period to finish. Not done?… HOMEWORK. It will be collected tomorrow.

Vocabulary

Today was day three of Unit 4. You should be studying and interacting with the vocabulary/spelling words each night. Tomorrow, you should have your flashcards of words 11-20 of Unit 4 completed.

The test is scheduled for November 26… even though we have Thanksgiving break between now and the test date, you will be expected to use independent study skills on your own whether we are in class or on Thanksgiving break.

Homework:

Read from your novel

Study New vocabulary words. Consider the need to create your flashcards for 11-20 SOONER rather than later.

ACCESS YESTERDAY’S CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class work: 11/13

the learning cafe

 

I was out for a meeting for classes 2/3 and 4/5

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

You started Esperanza Rising today, reading the introduction, “1924”, and the first Chapter, “Las Uvas”

You also received your novel booklet which you are using as a guide for observation of literary details as we move through the text.

If you are absent, access the audio for Esperanza and follow along as you listen, or read the pages on your own.

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

You reviewed notes and created a visual of contents for subordinate clauses and compound sentences. These notes will be collected tomorrow.

Vocabulary

Today was day two of Unit 4. You should be studying and interacting with the vocabulary/spelling words each night. Tomorrow, you should begin your flashcards of words 11-20 of Unit 4.

The test is scheduled for November 26… even though we have Thanksgiving break between now and the test date, you will be expected to use independent study skills on your own whether we are in class or on Thanksgiving break.

Homework:

Read from your novel

Study New vocabulary words. Consider the need to create your flashcards for 11-20 SOONER rather than later.

ACCESS YESTERDAY’S CLASS WORK

 

Daily Class Work: 11/12

the learning cafe

 

I was out for a meeting for classes 2/3 and 4/5

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

Today you read from your new novels checkout from the library during our last visit.

AR Test is due Thursday,  November 29th. We will do our novel project in class on November 30.

English

You had the opportunity to complete practice work for compound sentences. oOu identified the subjects, verbs, and independent clauses.

Vocabulary

Today was day 1 of Unit 5. Words 1-10 were presented and discussed. Remember to take down any visual connections, mnemonic tips, or connections in your workbook while the teacher is presenting the words for the first time.

You were given a class period to complete flashcards 1-10, and to begin studying if you had time.

The test is scheduled for November 26… even though we have Thanksgiving break between now and the test date, you will be expected to use independent study skills on your own whether we are in class or on Thanksgiving break.

Homework:

Read from your novel

Study New vocabulary words

 

Daily Class Work: 11/9

daily class work

Here’s the Work You Completed Today…

Reading

Because most your time was dedicated to the vocabulary and spelling assessments, our class novel has to wait until Monday. We will begin one of our class novels, Esperanza Rising. We will be analyzing this text from a rich literary perspective looking for theme, symbolism, motifs, and parallel structure throughout the novel. These are just some of the ways you’ll be experiencing .

The author, Pam Munoz Ryan, has authored a dozen novels. Want to find out more about the author? Access Pam Munoz Ryan’s web page

English

Depending which class you’re in you completed a Bell Ringer that included practice with compound sentences – either you consulted your notes to anwer some questions or you generated some sentences.

This practice will come in handy to develop sentence variety in your writing. The magic is starting to happen with writing. There is flexibility in how you structure you written responses. Using your decision making skills, you become the artist to your communication.

The time has come for you to start experimenting with the Power Structures. Will you create a 1,2,3,4,1 – a 1,2,3,3,2,3,3,1 – a 1,2,3,2,3,2,3,1  or just  1,2,3 ? The decision is yours.

Of course, in the coming weeks you’ll continue to get guidance and suggestions for effective application of Power Structures, you will craft your voice through word choice and sentence variety when blended with the many options of structure.

Vocabulary

You completed the Unit 4 Assessments for both spelling and vocabulary. These scores will be entered on Tuesday, after all absent work and redo’s are submitted.

 

Homework:

Read from your novel